We know that Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) can affect both men and women, but the most worrying aspect for women is that symptoms don’t tend to be as prevalent as they are in men. This means that the disease is often very hard to pick up, and when it is detected, can be quite far advanced. For this reason, regular testing and screening is vital, to prevent any future complications, such as infertility. For testing use the best STI clinic Galway from Ireland.
Whilst there are many different STDs around, some are more common than others. Lets check some of those out in more detail.
- Bacterial Vaginosis – This is a very common issue that occurs in women, and is actually down to an imbalance in the vagina, associated with the natural micro-organisms found there. This is caused by sexual activity. Bacterial vaginosis is very easily treated, but its main symptoms include a white coloured discharge, which can often smell rather unpleasant, well as painful urination, or tingling in and around the vaginal area.
- Chlamydia – Worryingly, chlamydia is rather silent in women, whereas men are more likely to have symptoms. When left untreated, chlamydia can cause infertility, so it is important to pick up on it through regular screening. If symptoms do occur, they can be mistaken for other things, such as a urinary tract infection; these symptoms include an increase in secretions from the vagina, which are of a different colour or smell to usual.
- Gonorrhoea – In women, gonorrhoea presents virtually no symptoms at all. What can occur, again, is often mistaken for other health issues, such as those urinary tract infections again, including painful urination, and bleeding between periods. When left untreated, gonorrhoea can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility.
- Genital Herpes – Genital herpes is an extremely common condition, and they occur in flare ups. During these times, sexual activity should be avoided, to prevent infecting the other person. Genital herpes presents itself as sores, which are often fluid-filled and blister-like. When these blisters burst, the material inside is very infectious.
- Syphilis – When left untreated, syphilis is extremely dangerous, and can lead to death. The disease has four stages in women – the first stage presents as sores around the vaginal area, the second stage is a rash on various partners of the body, including the hands and feet, as well as a fever and feeling generally unwell. The third stage shows no symptoms but the fourth stage is when the disease has reached the point of no return. At this point, the disease attacks the body’s organs, and can lead to death.
As you can see, the detection of STDs in women is difficult without regular screening. None of the above diseases should be taken lightly, and there are many more besides the ones we have talked abut. For that reason, regular testing is something everyone should take very seriously indeed.